After Ireland’s conversion to Christianity, Irish missionaries and students exerted nice affect on Western Europe, and the Irish got here to be seen as a nation of “saints and students”. The 6th-century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is thought to be one of the “fathers of Europe”, adopted by saints Cillian and Fergal. The scientist Robert Boyle is taken into account the “father of chemistry”, and Robert Mallet one of many “fathers of seismology”.
A new and more intensive interval of Viking settlement in Ireland began in 914. Between 914 and 922 the Norse established Waterford, Cork, Dublin, Wexford and Limerick.[notice 11] Significant excavations in Dublin and Waterford in the 20th century have unearthed a lot of the Viking heritage of those cities. A great amount of Viking burial stones, known as the Rathdown Slabs, have been found in a number of locations throughout South Dublin. In 853 Olaf, identified as a “son of the king of Lochlann”, got here to Ireland.